1 noun (C)
1 BODY PART one of the two parts of the body at each side of the neck where the arm is connected: Put a shawl around your shoulders in case you get cold. | shrug your shoulders (=raise them to show that you do not know something or do not care): Keith just shrugged his shoulders and said it wasn't his problem.
2 CLOTHES the part of a piece of clothing that covers your shoulders: a jacket with padded shoulders
3 MEAT the upper part of the front leg of an animal that is used for meat: a shoulder of pork
4 a shoulder to cry on someone who gives you sympathy: Ben is always there when I need a shoulder to cry on.
5 shoulder to shoulder working together to achieve the same thing: We worked shoulder to shoulder for five years in that hell-hole.
6 stand shoulder to shoulder with to completely share someone's opinions about something and support them in what they are doing
7 on sb's shoulders if a difficult or unpleasant responsibility is on someone's shoulders, they are the person that has that responsibility: The duty of informing the children's parents fell on the shoulders of Sergeant Flynn. | The blame rests squarely on Jim's shoulders.
8 put your shoulder to the wheel to start to work with great effort and determination
9 ROAD-SIDE AmE an area of ground beside a road where drivers can stop their cars if they are having trouble
—see also: hard shoulder, soft shoulder
10 MOUNTAIN a rounded part of a mountain just below the top
—see also: cry on sb's shoulder cry 1 (4), give sb the cold shoulder cold 1 (8), have a chip on your shoulder chip 1 (5), rub shoulders with rub 1 (6), head and shoulders above the rest head 1 (50), straight from the shoulder straight 1 (9) 2 verb
1 (T) shoulder a responsibility/duty/cost etc to accept a difficult or unpleasant responsibility, duty etc: The residents are being asked to shoulder the costs of the repairs.
2 (T) to lift something onto your shoulder to carry it: They shouldered the boat and took it down to the river.
3 shoulder your way through/into etc to move through a large crowd of people by pushing with your shoulder: She shouldered her way through the onlookers.
4 shoulder arms an order given to a soldier telling him to hold his weapon against his shoulder

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

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  • Shoulder — Shoul der, n. [OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. sculdor; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra, Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra.] 1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [shōl′dər] n. [ME schuldere < OE sculdor, akin to Ger schulter < IE * skḷdhrā, shoulder blade used as a spade < base * (s)kel , to cut > SHELL, SHILLING, SKULL] 1. a) the joint connecting the arm or forelimb with the body b) the part… …   English World dictionary

  • shoulder — ► NOUN 1) the joint between the upper arm or forelimb and the main part of the body. 2) a joint of meat from the upper foreleg and shoulder blade of an animal. 3) a part of something resembling a shoulder, in particular a point at which a steep… …   English terms dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shouldered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shouldering}.] 1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle. [1913 Webster] As they the earth would shoulder from her seat. Spenser. [1913 Webster] Around… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — O.E. sculdor, from W.Gmc. *skuldro (Cf. M.Du. scouder, Du. schouder, O.Fris. skoldere, M.L.G. scholder, O.H.G. scultra, Ger. Schulter), of unknown origin, perhaps related to SHIELD (Cf. shield). Meaning edge of the road is attested from 1933. The …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. i. To push with the shoulder; to make one s way, as through a crowd, by using the shoulders; to move swaying the shoulders from side to side. A yoke of the great sulky white bullocks . . . came shouldering along together. Kipling.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [v1] be responsible for accept, assume, bear, carry, take on, take upon oneself; concept 23 Ant. deny, refuse shoulder [v2] push, jostle bulldoze*, elbow, hustle, nudge, press, push aside, shove, thrust; concept 208 …   New thesaurus

  • shoulder — index assume (undertake), bear (support), bolster, maintain (sustain), underwrite Burton s Legal …   Law dictionary

  • Shoulder — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = articulatio humeri GraySubject = 81 GrayPage = 313 Caption = Diagram of the human shoulder joint Caption2 = Capsule of shoulder joint (distended). Anterior aspect. Width = 300 Precursor = System = Artery =… …   Wikipedia

  • shoulder — shoul|der1 W2S2 [ˈʃəuldə US ˈʃouldər] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(body part)¦ 2¦(clothes)¦ 3¦(meat)¦ 4 be looking over your shoulder 5 6 shoulder to shoulder 7 on somebody s shoulders 8 put your shoulder to the wheel 9¦(road side)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shoulder — [[t]ʃo͟ʊldə(r)[/t]] ♦♦ shoulders, shouldering, shouldered 1) N COUNT: oft poss N Your shoulders are between your neck and the tops of your arms. She led him to an armchair, with her arm round his shoulder... He glanced over his shoulder and saw… …   English dictionary

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